EMCDDA – REITOX Toplantısı Portekiz’de gerçekleşti

lizbonEnstitü Müdürümüz Prof.Dr.Faruk Aşıcıoğlu 19-20 Mayıs tarihlerinde Portekiz’in Lizbon kentinde EMCDDA (European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction- Avrupa Uyuşturucu ve Uyuşturucu Bağımlılığı İzleme Merkezi)  tarafından senede bir kez düzenlenmekte olan REITOX Erken Uyarı Sistemi toplantısına önceki yıllarda olduğu gibi Türkiye Odak Noktası (TUBİM- Türkiye Uyuşturucu Bağımlılığı İzleme Merkezi) Ulusal Uzmanı sıfatı ile katılmış ve ülkemiz adına bir konuşma yapmıştır. Yaptığı konuşma metninin bir kısmı aşağıdadır.

 

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As I mentioned last year from this stage, generic system or classification (whatever you may call it) of the psychoactive substances has been implemented to the Turkish criminal act.

After one year of experience, it was determined that the generic system has covered approximately 45%  of new seizures ( a total of 24 NPSs are within the generic classification out of 56 new seized substances during this period). It was also experienced that there were some preventable leakages from the generic system. Therefore some amendments were done at the generic classification such as discarding the restriction of carbon numbers added to the alkyl substitution. These small modifications have widened the coverage of NPSs. Although the effectiveness of the generic system, the NPSs which are out of coverage have still been included to the act by individual listing.

Last year, the most prevalent seizures among NPSs are synthetic _EMC4910cannabinoids, similar to previous years. Approximately 16% of them are related with selling, marketing, and manufacturing, while the rest are usage and possession of the substances.  One fourth of the cases have been arrested in Istanbul as similar to previous years, but it has been observed that the count of the cities where the substances were seized in have progressively increased (from  43 cities in 2012 to 71 cities in 2015).

Another important point from previous years are amendments to the Turkish Criminal Act in which the punishment of the crimes related with synthetic cannabinoids elevated to the aggravated drug crime levels.

_EMC4948There are still some problems concerning the evaluation of the cases admitted to the emergency services because of the physicians lack of awareness and knowledge. The establishment process of some of the regional drug confirmation laboratories across the country are still ongoing. As for the postmortem analysis of drugs, many improvements were achieved by the forensic toxicology departments. Most of them have LC MS MS,  updated libraries, experienced staff
and also have purchased reference materials as soon as possible.

 

_EMC4995The most important challenges faced as Turkish focal point is that the participation to the network from emergency units are still not satisfying. In order to solve this and some other data collection problems, a project to integrate all stakeholders into the same portal is planned by TUBIM. There is also another project about sewage analysis which is waiting for funding.

 

 

 

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